0000008457 00000 n Bacterial diversity at different stages of the composting process Pasi Partanen1,2†, Jenni Hultman1,2†, Lars Paulin1, Petri Auvinen1, Martin Romantschuk2* Abstract Background: Composting is an aerobic microbiological process that is facilitated by bacteria and fungi. 0000006777 00000 n Moisture content % 82.448 85.185 86.29 61.29 42.857 29.870 45-65 1 2. The Phases of Composting. (����i����"�SS�3R�q���?b-��F��0��+�e!�!��F^�|Hʼn����|�-��C��5��UA6����yYaE�APT�+`�� endstream endobj 177 0 obj << /Length 240 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream The main product is called compost, which may be defined as the stabilized and san-itized product of composting, compatible and beneficial to plant growth. endstream endobj 178 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1 /FontDescriptor 180 0 R /LastChar 255 /Widths [ 333 500 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 500 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 780 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 784 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 333 ] /BaseFont /MTSYN /FirstChar 0 /ToUnicode 177 0 R /Encoding 179 0 R /Type /Font >> endobj 179 0 obj << /Differences [ 1 /openbullet 128 /bullet 138 /minus 215 /multiply ] /Type /Encoding >> endobj 180 0 obj << /StemV 50 /FontName /MTSYN /FontFile3 181 0 R /Flags 4 /Descent 0 /FontBBox [ 0 -954 1043 900 ] /Ascent 0 /CapHeight 0 /Type /FontDescriptor /ItalicAngle 0 /StemH 50 >> endobj 181 0 obj << /Subtype /Type1C /Length 9230 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream compost resembles humus, and is an ideal soil amendment. Introduction Landfill and incineration have until now been the most widely used means of solid Chapter 2. ��҈�F2��E>��eއ�*�+���D^QLa~�3>���e��s|r�'�"����?ʜ���O%��dN�g�A�!6`�w����[��FIF]��WYee�O��%�"�# The Science. Composting method can degrade all types of organic wastes like fruits, vegetables, plants, yard wastes and others. Curing is a very important and often neglected part of the composting process. Turning practices and the common length of each phase Composting is also a method to produce fertilizer or soil conditioner. Composting is the decomposition of organic materials by microorganisms under controlled, aerobic conditions to a relatively stable humus-like product suitable for growing plants, which poses no hazard to human health or the environment1. 1 Introduction. �����7��y�R��y�h`��%I6�M`.yyA��|)��L���rky�l�hdn�rq{FǠ���կ�yV �T.��Q�W�C,�3���_� Give them a mix of brown and green materials, water and oxygen, and the microbes will multiply, heat your pile, and help it decompose faster. 1. neglected stage of composting. 0000007015 00000 n Some of the energy is used by the microorganisms for reproduction and growth, the rest is … If the To investigate the actual variation of antibiotic resistance, a comprehensive temperature-programmed composting process was explored, and the temperature conditions were optimized to assure the minimum temperature required for each composting stage ( Wang et al., … curing stage begins. 0000037438 00000 n Curing occurs at mesophilic temperatures. Composting is a dynamic process of organic solids degradation carried out by a complex microbial community. Composting requires the following three components: human management, … 0000019626 00000 n Compost bacteria combine carbon with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and energy. 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